A consortium comprising the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) and the Institute of Computing Science of Poznan University of Technology is working on developing a genetic map of Poland.
Researchers will test 5,000 samples collected from ethnic Poles to trace the history of Polish ancestry.
Other objectives of the project include the development of a Polish reference genome, which will help to establish to what ethnic groups Poles are related to and find out how the gene migration proceeded.
Scientists will also examine 1,000 samples from ethnic minorities currently living in Poland to map genetic differences between populations from different regions in the country.
Moreover, researchers will study another 1,000 samples to learn more about specific human traits.
The study is financed by a PLN 100 million (over EUR 21 million) grant from the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBR).