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Eastern Express 31.08

Another important stage in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. The Azeris have taken control of the key city of Lachin. A road running through the city connected the separatist region with Armenia. It was occupied by Armenians until November 2020 and then controlled by Russian peacekeepers. What does this mean for the future of the Caucasus?

The separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh is an Armenian enclave located in the territory that is internationally recognised as belonging to Azerbaijan. The area and several adjacent regions had been controlled by Armenian separatists since the 1992-94 war. But in September 2020, Azerbaijan attempted to regain control of the region.

After six weeks of fighting, during which Baku secured considerable territorial gains with the support of Turkey, an Armenian-Azerbaijani-Russian peace agreement was signed on the night of November 9-10, 2020. Under this deal, a cease-fire was established, and Russian peacekeepers were introduced into the disputed region and were to remain there for at least five years.

Armenia pledged to hand over to Azerbaijan seized areas in Nagorno-Karabakh and three adjacent areas. The road connecting Armenia with the capital of the separatist region of Stepanakert, referred to as the Lachin corridor, was to be protected by Russian troops from now on.

The 2020 agreement caused euphoria in Azerbaijan and became the cause of political conflict and protests in Armenia, with the country’s Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan accused of treason.

Eastern Express’ guest

Konrad Zasztowt, PhD and lecturer of Oriental Studies at the University of Warsaw, was TVP World’s guest invited to shed more light on the issue.

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