Following years of stagnation, organ transplants are growing in number in Poland, according to the latest data released by the Poltransplant coordinating center.
A total of 1,531 organs were transplanted in 2017, the highest number since 2012, which saw 1,546 such surgeries.
The trend reflects an increase in the total of donors in the country. Last year, some 720 donors were registered, with organs recovered from 560 deceased donors. In the record year of 2012, Poltransplant noted 786 potential and 615 actual donors.
Kidney transplants from deceased donors outnumbered all other transplant operations in 2017, standing at 1,004. Liver transplants were second on the list, amounting to 349 surgeries, followed by the heart – 98, and combined kidney-pancreas transplants – 41.
Meanwhile, the number of organ transplants from live donors didn’t change in years. Last year, 55 live donors had given a kidney and 24 people a part of their liver.
The head of the Transplantation Institute at the Medical University of Warsaw, Professor Artur Kwiatkowski said that despite continued efforts, live kidney transplants remain Polish transplantology’s Achilles’ heel.
“Live kidney transplants account for no more than five percent of all transplants, while in the United States the rate stands at 30 percent, and in the Netherlands – 50 percent,” Kwiatkowski said.